Tableau rug (also called tableau carpet, pictorial carpet or wall carpet),a subset of Persian handmade carpet, is type of hand-woven carpet made in dimensions smaller than floor carpet with higher aesthetic and artistic aspects, hung from the wall for decoration to reminisce a pleasant memory, evoke a historical event or site, depict a natural scene, nomadic life, nature and so on. Handmade tableau rug is a sample of fine Iranian art considered as luxuries object from invention time that may depicts landscape sceneries, animals, miniature, ancient relics and flower pots. Other styles of tableau rug are French style, portrait, statues and Persepolis. Also you may find other famous paintings like “The Last Supper” or “Queen Sheba” that have been skillfully hand-woven into tableau rugs. Tableau rugs have usually frames to use.
The origin of handmade Tableau rug is “Sardroud” in southwest Tabriz, one of the main cities active in handmade rug production that creative and skillful rug makers here introduced about 80 years ago for the first time tableau rugs hand-woven from wool and silk. More than seventy percent of Sardroud households are engaged in rug weaving. Sardroud with the 3000 years old history is known as “World’s Handmade Tableau Rug Capital” which signifies the exclusiveness of Tableau rug production in the region. Today, handmade tableau rugs are weaved almost allover the east Azerbaijan province that all are known as “Tabriz Tableau rug”.
China, India and Afghanistan also produce tableau rug. However, their products cannot compete with Persian’s neither in terms of designs or colors, nor quality. After all, tableau rug is an Iranian innovation originally.
Multiplicity of dyes, higher density of knots and delicacy used in creation of picture carpet is its inevitable nature to create a fine splendid art work. The usual density of knots used in tableau rug weaving is 50 raj however, higher densities like 60 raj and 70 raj or even more denser, means higher artistic value and higher price that are usually produced as bespoken rugs. The foundation of tableau rug is usually silk although, wool is used sometimes too. Another optional delicacy used in tableau rug producing is to give it outstanding lumpy surface. To better describe this, when weaving ends up, the piles of the rug are shortened using specific devises to unveil the rug pattern. Skilled operators can give it lumpy three dimensional surface that increases the beauty and aesthetic value of the rug. Thus, in order to convert a picture to a handmade pictorial carpet, proficient rug weavers ought to employ skill-intensive styles to create a masterpiece named “Tabriz Tableau Rug”.
Previously, designing patterns for tableau rugs were a manual time-consuming work. Today, technology has helped designers to develop pictures into patterns with precise features with the aid of software. This provides tableau producers the possibility to convert their customers’ desired pictures like personal pictures or paintings into handmade tableau rug with any size or knot density.